Decision-making and problem-solving skills

Decision-making and problem-solving skills are essential for those working in emergency management, but what are the traits of effective decision-makers and problem-solvers?

What are the differences between decision-making in unstructured environments and structured environments?

What obstacles or challenges might emergency management personnel face in stressful situations? What proactive steps can they take to reduce that stress?


Traits of effective decision-makers according to Alinezhad and Khalili (2019) are:

  • Initiative: Efficient makers of decisions assume duty for starting the process of making decision and finishing it. The play a dynamic role in improving things
  • Knowledge: A deep comprehension of every aspect is the most significant need for preparing sound resolves.  The resolves soundness is reliant on the knowledge of the decision maker.
  • Calculated risk-taking: The danger plus outcomes of different options should be gauged plus the effects be accepted, if negative or positive.
  • Good judgment: Good resolves will not often be an outcome of simply following guidelines. Makers of decisions should practice their excellent judgment in thinking of aspects specific to the condition.

Traits of effective problem-solvers according to Rad (2014) are:

  • They apply the authority in their words to associate with ……………………..central solutions.
  • They understand the dissimilarity amid simple and complex reasoning: They understand when to perform a complex and systematic reasoning along with when to pursue short cuts and get a quick solution.

            Decisions within a structured atmosphere have a clearly described methodology for getting a resolution and possess information to get to the resolv………………………

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